Skyrocketing COVID-19 figures – many of which are down to reinfections – mean that, nearly two years into the pandemic, we are quickly approaching the highest COVID rates ever recorded in the UK.


The Zoe COVID Study’s positive symptomatic case estimate is currently 291,184 cases (+24.5% in a week). The 7-day estimate shows 1,879,915 cases in a week (+34.5%). On average, it is now estimated that at least 268,559 people are still infected by coronavirus every day in the UK.

🙈🙉🙊 #CovidIsNotOver


First published in June 2022.







covid summary


Latest UK Dashboard


Reminder on data reporting in the UK from the UKHSA

England reports every working day
Scotland reports on Mondays and Thursdays only
Wales reports on Thursdays only
Northern Ireland has stopped reporting altogether
No reporting at the weekend

Note from UKHSA: From Friday 1 July 2022, the COVID-19 Dashboard will move to weekly reporting. Weekly updates will be published every Wednesday commencing on 6 July 2022. The UKHSA adds: “This will bring COVID-19 reporting in line with typical reporting schedules for other respiratory infections. This approach reflects the move from an emergency pandemic response to managing COVID-19 in line with the Government's Living with COVID strategy. This decision will be kept under review in the coming weeks.”




(Source: UKHSA | ZOE | ONS)


UKHSA Latest Data – ENGLAND ONLY

  • 454 deaths in England [within 28 days of first positive test result for COVID-19] were reported in the last 7 days.
  • 361,440 coronavirus infections have been reported across England in the last 28 days according to data in the latest England data report.
  • The number of deaths in England in the past week equates on average to around 64.9 deaths each of the past 7 days. If this was to be the “new normal” for daily deaths caused by COVID-19, then annually this would equate to around 23,673 deaths across England.
  • Meanwhile, a total of 1,480 deaths due to COVID-19 have been reported across England in the last 28 days.
  • 1,454 COVID-19 hospital admissions in England occurred on 28 June 2022.
  • 8,594 patients were admitted to hospital in England in the last 7 days, according to the latest data provided.
  • 8,928 patients suffering from COVID-19 are currently occupying hospital beds in Englandreported as of 30 June 2022.
  • 211 COVID-19 patients are occupying mechanical ventilation beds in England - according to the data reported on 30 June 2022.
  • All three of these healthcare measures continue to be a concern for our under-pressure NHS.

SO FAR:

  • 882 days since the first infection due to the SARS-CoV-2 virus was reported in Britain (31 January 2020)
  • 846 days since the first reported death in Britain (6 March 2020). Coronavirus has now been responsible for infecting around 19.1 million people in England (according to the official reported positive cases data)

Zoe COVID Study & ONS Infection Survey UK Latest Estimates




■ Zoe COVID Study




ZOE COVID Study



■ ONS Infection Survey UK Latest Estimates







latest guidance


UK Government’s List of symptoms of COVID-19

After two years without updating its list of just three symptoms of COVID-19 (a high temperature, a new continuous cough and a loss or change to the sense of smell or taste), the NHS has finally updated its list of symptoms of COVID:

😩 Shortness of breath
🥱 Feeling tired or exhausted
🤕 An aching body
🤯 A headache
🤐 A sore throat
🤧 A blocked or runny nose
😞 Loss of appetite
🥴 Diarrhoea
🤮 Feeling sick or being sick


BA.4 and BA.5 have become dominant in the UK, driving increase in infections — Update

The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) is reminding people to ensure their COVID-19 vaccinations are up to date and to continue following COVID-safe behaviours, as latest technical data indicates BA.4 and BA.5 have become dominant in the UK and are driving the recent increase in infections.

The UKHSA’s COVID-19 variant technical briefing 43, published today, includes epidemiological analysis that shows that Omicron BA.4 and BA.5 now make up more than half of new COVID-19 cases in England, accounting for approximately 22% and 39% of cases, respectively.

Omicron BA.4 and Omicron BA.5 were designated as variants of concern on 18 May on the basis of an apparent growth advantage over the previously-dominant Omicron BA.2 variant.

UKHSA’s latest analysis suggests that Omicron BA.5 is growing 35.1% faster than Omicron BA.2, while Omicron BA.4 is growing approximately 19.1% faster. This suggests that BA.5 is likely to become the dominant COVID-19 variant in the UK.

The increasing prevalence of Omicron BA.4 and BA.5 is likely to be a factor in the recent increase in cases seen in the UK and elsewhere, though there is currently no evidence that Omicron BA.4 and BA.5 cause more severe illness than previous variants.

So far, vaccination means that the rise in cases is not translating to a rise in severe illness and deaths. UKHSA scientists are urging anyone who has not had all the vaccines they are eligible for to make sure that they get them as soon as possible.

COVID-19 has not gone away, so it is also vitally important that people continue to follow the guidance. Stay at home if you have any respiratory symptoms or a fever and limit contact with others until you are feeling better, particularly if they are likely to be at greater risk if they contract COVID-19.

Professor Susan Hopkins, Chief Medical Advisor at UKHSA said:

“It is clear that the increasing prevalence of Omicron BA.4 and BA.5 are significantly increasing the case numbers we have observed in recent weeks. We have seen a rise in hospital admissions in line with community infections but vaccinations are continuing to keep ICU admissions and deaths at low levels.

“As prevalence increases, it’s more important than ever that we all remain alert, take precautions, and ensure that we’re up to date with COVID-19 vaccinations, which remain our best form of defence against the virus. It’s not too late to catch up if you’ve missed boosters, or even first doses so please take your recommended vaccines.

“Our data also show that 17.5 per cent of people aged 75 years and over have not had a vaccine within the past six months, putting them more at risk of severe disease. We urge these people in particular to get up-to-date.

“If you have any symptoms of a respiratory infection, and a high temperature or feel unwell, try to stay at home or away from others – especially those who are elderly or vulnerable. Face coverings in crowded indoor spaces and hand washing will help to reduce transmission of infection and are especially important if you have any respiratory symptoms.”

UKHSA encourage everyone to continue to follow the most up-to date guidance.

As we learn to live safely with COVID-19, there are actions we can all take to help reduce the risk of catching COVID-19 and passing it on to others.

The risk of catching or passing on COVID-19 is greatest when someone who is infected is physically close to, or sharing an enclosed or poorly ventilated space with, other people.

You will not always know whether someone you come into contact with is at higher risk of becoming seriously ill from respiratory infections, including COVID-19. They could be strangers (for example people you sit next to on public transport) or people you may have regular contact with (for example friends and work colleagues).

There are simple things you can do in your daily life that will help reduce the spread of COVID-19 and other respiratory infections and protect those at highest risk. Things you can choose to do are:

  • get vaccinated
  • let fresh air in if meeting others indoors
  • practise good hygiene:V
    - wash your hands
    - cover your coughs and sneezes
    - clean your surroundings frequently
    - wear a face covering or a face mask, particularly if you are in crowded and enclosed spaces

TRAVEL: ENTRY RULES AND RESTRICTIONS

Check out the latest situation for 20 of the top travel destinations for Brits:



ZOE COVID Study’s Top 20 symptoms of COVID-19 (as of 31-Jun-2022)



People with symptoms of a respiratory infection including COVID-19
Guidance for people with symptoms of a respiratory infection including COVID-19, or a positive test result for COVID-19.
COVID-19: people with COVID-19 and their contacts
Infectious diseases: schools and other childcare settings
Managing cases of infectious diseases in schools and other childcare settings posters.
Ventilation to reduce the spread of respiratory infections, including COVID-19
Guidance on the ventilation of indoor spaces to reduce the spread of respiratory infections, including coronavirus (COVID-19).
List of general population COVID-19 testing providers - GOV.UK

(Source: Gov.uk)






latest news


Long COVID most prevalent in education sector workers – ONS

Results from a project funded by ONS, led by Sarah Rhodes (University of Manchester), has found rates of self-reported long-COVID were highest in the education sector between April 2020 to January 2022.

This analysis used a different methodology to existing ONS outputs and results cannot be compared.

Long-COVID rates varied by occupation, with the education, police and protective services, personal care and social care sectors seeing the highest rates. The research adjusted for factors such as age and sex.

The research also investigated whether vaccination uptake accounted for differences in COVID-19 infection rates between occupations. The proportion of people who had received two vaccinations by 31 January 2022 varied by occupation: 9% of workers in the food processing sector were not double vaccinated, compared with 4% of office-based healthcare workers.

However, these differences in vaccination uptake did not explain all the differences in infection rates between occupations. The only exception was among manual workers, where low vaccination uptake did appear to explain the increased relative risks of infection.

[Read more...]


Deaths involving COVID-19 fall slightly – ONS

There were 309 deaths registered in the UK involving coronavirus (COVID-19) in the week ending 17 June 2022, which is slightly fewer than the previous week. This accounted for around 1 in every 40 deaths (2.5%).

There were 12,320 total deaths registered in the UK in the latest week, which is 15.3% above the five-year average.

In England and Wales, the number of deaths in the week to 17 June was above the five-year average in private homes, hospitals and care homes, but slightly below in other settings.

[Read more...]


Most school pupils in England had COVID-19 antibodies by March 2022 – ONS

Almost all primary and secondary school pupils in England had detectable levels of coronavirus (COVID-19) SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in March 2022.

Adjusted antibody data from the Schools Infection Survey, for March to April 2022, showed that more than 99% of secondary school pupils had SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, comprised of 64.9% who were vaccinated and 34.4% who were unvaccinated.

For primary school pupils, 82.0% had SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, based on adjusted figures. This is comprised of 0.4% who were vaccinated and 81.6% who were unvaccinated.

[Read more...]


Around one-quarter of British adults still social distancing – ONS

Around one-quarter (27%) of adults in Great Britain reported always or often maintaining social distancing when meeting up with others outside their household.

When asked about other preventative measures against coronavirus (COVID-19) and other illnesses they had taken over the last seven days, three-quarters (75%) said they had always or often washed their hands immediately after returning home from a public place.

Around 4 in 10 (38%) said they had worn a face covering at some point when outside their home.

In general, almost one-third (32%) of adults said they were worried about the effect that COVID-19 was having on their lives, and around 4 in 10 (41%) were worried about new variants.

[Read more...]



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covid tweets







we need your help


Since February 2022, the UKHSA has slowly reduced the publishing of its daily COVID updates, following the UK Government’s narrative that we should all “live with the virus”.

England now reports on weekdays, Scotland reports on Mondays and Thursdays only, Wales reports on Thursdays only, and Northern Ireland has stopped reporting altogether.

The virus doesn’t take a break at weekends.
It doesn’t infect people from time to time.
It doesn’t stop at a border either.

The virus still spreads and kills people every day in the UK and around the world. COVID-19 is NOT over.

We, at PMP, have decided to continue to publish the latest COVID data available every day, especially the Zoe COVID Study estimates – probably more accurate than the UK Government’s own data since free testing has ended in England,  and the ONS COVID Infection Survey estimates.

Please, support our work through our crowdfunding to help us to continue our COVID reporting: Donate now.


🙈🙉🙊 #CovidIsNotOver.






must-read


Airborne SARS-CoV-2
Time for an indoor air revolution Debate over the exact mode of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 has been intense.1 This is entirely reasonable, given that the mechanism of spread determines preventive and potentially lifesaving policies. But the choice between respiratory aerosol or droplet settled on s…
Map shows Covid-19 cases in England and Wales as infections continue to rise
According to Government data, 112,710 people reported testing positive in England and Wales in the seven days up to 25 June - a 35 per cent increase on the week prior
Over 400 admitted to region’s hospitals in a WEEK as Covid cases soar
Medics from the region say that ‘Covid is everywhere’ at the moment as more and more people test positive
What causes long COVID? Canadian researchers think they’ve found a key clue - National | Globalnews.ca
A new Canadian study has identified a potential key culprit causing so-called long COVID patients to continue experiencing breathing issues months after contracting COVID-19.






must-watch







variant news



■ 🧬 COG-UK sequencing





(Source: COG-UK)






full data


📈 ENGLAND COMBINED COVID-19 CHART


(Source: UK Health Security Agency)



📈 UKHSA COVID-19 CHARTS





























vaccination


💉 Latest UK Vaccination

Note: UK vaccination data is now published weekly on Mondays.






(Source: UK Health Security Agency + Public Health Wales
+ Public Health Scotland + HSC NI + ONS)


Note: Data cross-referenced with the latest official data from the UK dashboard.

PMP Xtra

Total UK population: 67,081,234 (last year: 66,796,800), via ONS (subject to changes in population over the year). These figures were updated on 25 June 2021. (Source: ONS)









long covid


🧩 Long COVID


LONG COVID UK ESTIMATE (ONS – 1 June 2022)

🚨 2.0 million people currently live with long COVID in the UK (vs 1.8 million last month)
🚨 3.1% of the UK population currently live with long COVID (vs 2.8%)
🚨 1 in 33 people in the UK has long COVID
🚨 Long COVID symptoms adversely affect the day-to-day activities of 1.4 million people, 71% of long COVID sufferers (vs 1.2 million)
🚨 Of those, 398,000 people (20%) are “limited a lot” (vs 346,000)
🚨 593,000 (30%) first had COVID-19 before Alpha became the main variant; 239,000 (12%) in the Alpha period, 427,000 (21%) in the Delta period, and 619,000 (31%) in the Omicron period.
LONG COVID UK ESTIMATE

🚨 Most common symptoms of long COVID
▫ fatigue (55%)
▫ shortness of breath (32%)
▫ cough (23%)
▫ muscle ache (23%)

🚨 Prevalence of long COVID is greatest in people
▫ aged 35-69 years
▫ females
▫ living in more deprived areas
▫ working in social care, teaching, education or health care
▫ with another activity-limiting health condition or disability

🚨 Long COVID by occupation (ONS – 29 Jun-2022)
▫ Police and protective services (25%)
▫ Education (22%)
▫ Social care sector (22%)



(Source: ONS)








long covid kids


🧩 Long COVID Kids

LONG COVID KIDS

According to a recent systematic review and meta-analyses of Long-COVID in children and adolescents published in Nature:

🚨 Long COVID affects 1 in 4 infected children (25.24%)

🚨 For hospitalised children, prevalence of long-COVID is nearly 1 in 3 infected children (29.19%)

🚨 Most prevalent clinical manifestations of Long COVID in children/adolescents:
▫ mood symptoms (16.50%)
▫ fatigue (9.66%)
▫ sleep disorders (8.42%)
▫ headache (7.84%)
▫ respiratory symptoms (7.62%)
▫ sputum production or nasal congestion (7.53%)
▫ cognitive symptoms (6.27%)
▫ loss of appetite (6.07%)
▫ exercise intolerance (5.73%)
▫ altered smell (5.60%)

🚨 Children infected by COVID-19 have a higher risk of persistent dyspnea, anosmia/ageusia, and/or fever

🚨 Like adults, the pediatric population’s risk factors associated with long-COVID are:
▫ older age children
▫ female gender
▫ severe COVID-19
▫ overweight/obesity
▫ comorbid allergic diseases and other long-term co-morbidities


Conclusion

The authors of the systematic review and meta-analyses of Long-COVID in children and adolescents conclude:

🧾
Protective measures are essential to prevent long-COVID in children. We need to understand the long-COVID pathophysiology and symptomatology to support clinical management systems, establish rehabilitation programs, and design guidelines and therapeutic research.
Long-COVID represents a significant public health concern, and there are no guidelines to address its diagnosis and management.
“Our meta-analyses further support the importance of continuously monitoring the impact of long-COVID in children and adolescents and the need to include all variables and appropriate control cohorts in studies to better understand the real burden of pediatric long-COVID.”






education


Absence & Attendance in Schools

Going further...






additional data


Weekly New Hospital Admissions for COVID-19 (per million)




Cumulative number of people who have tested positive for COVID-19 in the UK

(Source: ONS)



Total Cases & Total Deaths




Estimated ®️ Number

(Sources: UK Health Security Agency + Welsh Government
+ Scottish Government + N-I Ministry of Health)



Population Testing Positive for COVID-19

(Source: ONS)



Number of contact tracing alerts sent (England & Wales)

(Source: NHS)



Stringency Index

(Source: University of Oxford)






data sources


📚 Data Sources:








📈 Full Daily UK #COVID19 Charts & Comments via #LatestCovid: www.pmp-magazine.com/tag/latest-covid/

🦠 Everything #COVID19: www.pmp-magazine.com/covid19/

🗃️ Sources: @CovidGenomicsUK | @UKHSA | @ONS

🧮 Special thanks: @JoePajak | #NHS | NHS staff




PMP Magazine


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— AUTHORS —

Dr Joe Pajak, PhD in physical chemistry: exploring the data, governor of an NHS FT hospital.
J.N. PAQUET, Author & Journalist, Editor of PMP Magazine.



Sources
  • Text: This piece was first published in PMP Magazine on 30 June 2022. | The authors write in a personal capacity.
  • Data cross-referenced with the latest official data from the UK dashboard.
  • Cover: Adobe Stock/SergeyBitos.
  • Icons from www.flaticon.com